Wood sculpture, wood carving and ceramic work with engraved patterns are among the most widespread forms of art in Angola. Outstanding artists are found, for example, in the Lunda and Bié areas.
Typical of the country’s crafts are bracelets and necklaces of shells, woven mats and wicker baskets. In some folk groups, facial and body tattoos are common among both women and men, and women often have artful hairstyles that are typical of the area or people they belong to.
Older cave paintings are known primarily from the San people’s areas south of the country; a larger discovery has been made in a cave at the foot of the Chitundulo Mountains in the Namib Desert.
Music in Angola
Traditional folk music forms the basis of music life, see also Africa (music). Written Portuguese, Italian, Dutch and English sources tell about the history of music history from the 16th century. Among the earliest described instruments are ivory horns, marimba (xylophone) and nsambi (a lute instrument with a separate, arcuate neck for each string). Other common instruments are likembe or “thumb piano” (bamboo or metal slats pinned to a plate or resonator), slit drum (hollowed wooden stick), musical arc, double bell and various drum types.
Music traditions vary between different ethnic groups. The multi-voiced singing style among nomadic kings, with little use of instruments, differs from the Bantu people’s singing, where alternation between lead singer and group is common.
The slave trade brought music from Angola to the Caribbean from the 16th century. In recent styles of music, the influence has gone in the opposite direction, so that one can label elements from Latin American music, apart from Zambian and Congolese popular music.
Late 1800s-early 1900s. Made in Angola, the Chokwe culture.