About 2.25 million people 79% of the country’s population is made up of the Tswana people. The largest ethnic minorities are the Kalanga people and the Bushmen. Other tribes are Yeen, Bambooshu, Basubia, Banerero and Bakgalagadi. In addition, there are a small number of whites and Indians, both groups being about equally small in number. The Indian population of Botswana consists of many Indians of several generations, some of whom migrated from Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritius and South Africa and so on, as well as first generation Indian immigrants.
Climate and weather
According to bridgat, the climatic picture of Botswana is typical of southern Africa, although the amount of precipitation in it is less than in countries located to the east. Rainfall in Botswana occurs mainly between December and March, when average minimum temperatures are in the 20-22°C range. Some days during this period will be bright and sunny, some will have midday thunderstorms, and some will be just gray.
As in Namibia, April and May in Botswana are usually beautiful, with clear skies and green landscapes. Nighttime temperatures start to drop during these months, especially in the Kalahari. Note that the Okavango River area and its environs tend to experience less extreme and more moderate temperatures than the drier regions of the Kalahari.
From June to August, nighttime temperatures in drier areas can be close to freezing, but they warm up quickly during the day when skies are usually clear and blue. This is the peak season for most safari areas: the land is mostly dry, so the animals gather around available water sources.
This continues into September and October when temperatures rise again, drying out the landscapes and concentrating the animals even more near the water. This is the best time for large game sightings, although October can be very hot, with maximum temperatures sometimes approaching 40°C.
The weather in November is difficult to predict, as sometimes it can be a continuation of the October heat, and sometimes it can be cooled by the first rains. Either way, it’s always an interesting month.
In summer, light cotton clothing in light colors is preferable. Avoid synthetic materials and black clothing as they increase sweating and discomfort. In winter, wear trousers, long-sleeved shirts/blouses, and sweaters. From May to August, nighttime temperatures can drop below zero degrees Celsius, so warm sweaters and jackets are essential, especially during morning and evening safaris. For safari, neutral colors are recommended, which are combined with bushes and forest. Also bring a light jacket and/or sweater for unexpected changes in temperature or rain. Closed comfortable walking shoes or sneakers are required at any time of the year. Particular attention should be paid to sun protection. Bring a sun hat, good quality sunscreen, and polarized sunglasses.
Health and vaccinations
Legally, no preventive measures are required to visit Botswana. Vaccinations are required only for tourists arriving from areas where yellow fever is common. In Botswana, travelers are advised to take malaria prevention measures, such as taking antimalarial pills.
One hour less than Moscow. For example, 10 am Moscow time corresponds to 9 am in Gaborone.
Electrical outlets in Botswana are SAB1661 (“Large” 15 amp BS-546) type “M” outlets. This is actually an old British standard. The “Type M” plug and socket in South Africa should not be confused with the Indian “Type D” plug and socket. They look very similar in photographs, but the South African type is much larger than the Indian type and they are physically incompatible. If your device’s plug does not match the shape of these outlets, you will need a plug adapter to connect it.
Electrical outlets in Botswana typically supply 220 to 240 volts AC power. If you are connecting a device that has been designed for 220-240V electrical input, or a device that is compatible with multiple voltages, then you need an adapter.
Adapters do not change voltage, so the electricity coming through the adapter will remain at the same 220-240V level as it is supplied from the outlet. If you need to use appliances that are not compatible with the 220-240V electrical input, you will need a voltage converter.
The classic modem connection to the Internet is widely used, and there are also options for broadband connection using ADSL technology, Wi-Fi and mobile GPRS protocol with a low data exchange rate. Cellular services are provided by three operators.
Tips of 5 to 10% are typical for restaurant bills. In many places, service charges are added automatically. During a safari, it is customary to tip the guide and staff.
Useful addresses and numbers
Fire department – 998, police – 999, ambulance – 997, 911.