Geography of Green Lake County, Wisconsin

Geography of Green Lake County, Wisconsin

Green Lake County, located in the central part of Wisconsin, is a region known for its natural beauty, recreational opportunities, and agricultural heritage. Covering an area of approximately 380 square miles, Green Lake County is bordered by Fond du Lac County to the north, Dodge County to the east, Marquette County to the west, and Columbia County to the south. Its geography encompasses rolling hills, fertile farmland, pristine lakes, and meandering rivers. Let’s explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other aspects that define Green Lake County.┬áCheck foodezine to learn more about the state of Wisconsin.


Green Lake County’s topography is characterized by its gently rolling hills, fertile valleys, and numerous lakes. The county lies within the Central Plain physiographic region of Wisconsin, which features flat to gently rolling terrain carved by glacial activity during the last Ice Age. Elevations in Green Lake County range from around 750 feet above sea level in the southern part of the county to approximately 1,000 feet above sea level in the northern part.

The landscape is dominated by agriculture, with vast expanses of farmland covering much of the county’s countryside. The fertile soils of Green Lake County support a variety of crops, including corn, soybeans, hay, and dairy farming. In addition to agriculture, the county is also home to several small woodlots and forests, particularly in the northern and western parts of the county.


Green Lake County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with varying temperatures and precipitation patterns. Summers are typically warm and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing brief but intense rainfall and occasional lightning.

Winters in Green Lake County are cold and snowy, with average low temperatures dropping into the teens and single digits Fahrenheit. Snowfall is common during the winter months, with annual snowfall totals averaging around 40 to 50 inches. Winter storms, including snowstorms and ice storms, can bring significant accumulations of snow and ice, leading to hazardous road conditions and school closures.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and variable weather conditions. Spring brings blooming flowers and the return of greenery, while fall showcases vibrant foliage as the leaves of deciduous trees change colors before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes:

Green Lake County is intersected by several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play a vital role in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational opportunities. The most significant river in the county is the Fox River, which flows from north to south through the eastern part of the county. The Fox River serves as a major waterway for transportation, recreation, and industry and provides habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife species.

In addition to the Fox River, Green Lake County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, including the Mecan River, the Grand River, and the White River. These waterways provide important habitat for native fish and wildlife species and offer recreational opportunities for fishing, kayaking, and canoeing.

Green Lake County is also known for its numerous lakes, which are popular destinations for fishing, boating, swimming, and other water-based activities. The largest and most famous lake in the county is Green Lake, after which the county is named. Green Lake covers over 7,000 acres and is one of the deepest natural inland lakes in Wisconsin, reaching depths of up to 237 feet. Other notable lakes in Green Lake County include Big Green Lake, Little Green Lake, and Puckaway Lake.

Parks and Outdoor Recreation:

Green Lake County is home to several parks, natural areas, and outdoor recreation facilities, which provide residents and visitors with opportunities for hiking, camping, picnicking, and wildlife viewing. One popular destination is the Green Lake Conference Center, located on the shores of Green Lake, which offers a variety of recreational activities, including boating, swimming, and nature trails.

Another notable park in Green Lake County is the White River Marsh State Wildlife Area, which encompasses over 11,000 acres of wetlands, forests, and grasslands. The wildlife area provides habitat for a variety of wildlife species, including waterfowl, deer, and songbirds, and offers opportunities for hunting, birdwatching, and nature photography.


In conclusion, Green Lake County, Wisconsin, offers a blend of natural beauty, recreational opportunities, and agricultural heritage. From its rolling hills and fertile farmland to its pristine lakes and meandering rivers, Green Lake County provides a picturesque setting for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the great outdoors, fishing in the lakes and rivers, or enjoying the parks and natural areas, Green Lake County offers something for everyone to enjoy.

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