Guinea is one of the most unknown countries in Africa – wrongly. Free travel has only been permitted for tourists since 1984 and visitors from abroad are still the exception to this day. Most come to see parts of the last untouched rainforest in West Africa and meet wild chimpanzees and forest elephants here. For many hikers, the Fouta Djalon region is one of the most beautiful areas in all of West Africa.
Numerous opposites are reflected in Guinea. The government has recognized certain human rights, fundamental rights and rights against violence in the state constitution. However, little of it is noticed in the implementation in everyday life. Enforcement of rights and laws is difficult.
Unfortunately, there are frequent clashes between civilians and the military government in Guinea. This was the case on September 28, 2009, when there was a bloodshed in Conakry. The reason for the violence was a demonstration of 50,000 people who had gathered in a stadium in Conakry against the military leadership of Guinea. Security forces are said to have shot at people.
The country of Guinea also has a wealth of musical talent. These are funded by the government and so some famous artists come from Guinea.
The national sport in Guinea is football. There is soccer talent in almost every African country, but there are a lot of them in Guinea. Football is played here on every corner. The national team of Guinea has not yet achieved any noteworthy successes, but the fans and fans are enthusiastic about their team. The country has also produced well-known players who have made it into the international leagues. The most famous representatives are Kaba Diawara, who previously played for Olympique Marseille and Pablo Thiam, former player of the German Bundesliga clubs FC Bayern Munich, VfL Wolfsburg, VfB Stuttgart and 1. FC Köln. And Guinean youngsters continue to promise good things.
Area: 245,857 km² (land: 245,717 km², water: 140 km²).
Population: 10.6 million people (July 2011, COUNTRYAAH.COM). More than 20 peoples. The Fulbe, who mainly live in the Fouta Djalon, represent the largest population group in the country with about 40 percent. The other numerically significant ethnic groups belong to the language and culture group of the Mandingo: The Malinke (approx. 23%) live in northeastern Guinea, the Susu (approx. 11%) inhabit the coastal plain.
Density: 43 people per km².
Population growth: 2.645% per year (2011, CIA).
Capital: Conakry (with suburbs around 2.0 million residents, without suburbs 1.4 million, 2005).
Here is a list of the largest cities in Guinea.
Highest point: Mount Nimba, 1,752 m
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 m
Longest river: Niger. The Niger spring is located in the southwest of Guinea (near Tembakounda).
Form of government: Guinea has been a presidential republic since 1991, the constitution dates from 1990. The parliament is made up of 114 members who are elected every four years. The head of state is directly elected every five years. Guinea has been independent of France since October 2, 1958.
Administrative division: 33 prefectures (Beyla, Boffa, Boke, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubreka, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria, Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kourelouma, Labe, Labe, Labe, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore, Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue and Yomou) and a zone special (Conakry).
Head of state: President Alpha Condé (since December 21, 2010)
Prime Minister: Prime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana (since December 24, 2010)
Language: French is the official language in Guinea; native languages include Susu, Mande and Ful.
Religion: approx. 80% Sunni Muslims, approx. 5 – 10% Christians (mostly Catholics), animists. Muslims in independent communities under the guidance of the state-run Ligue Islamique. Catholic Church with Archbishop in Conakry and Bishop in Kankan
Local time: CET -1 h. In Guinea there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is -1 h in winter and -2 h in summer.
Telephone code: 00224 or +224
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz.
Guinea is located in West Africa and borders Guinea-Bissau in the northwest, Senegal and Mali in the north, Ivory Coast in the east, Liberia in the south and Sierra Leone in the southwest.
Here you can find a detailed topographic map of Guinea.
Guinea is home to several major West African streams: The Gambia, Bafing (a source river of Senegal), the Niger and several Niger tributaries. These rivers irrigate much of West Africa. The Niger flows from the southern highlands north to Mali.
The 300 km long coastline forms the western boundary of Guinée-Maritime – a 50 to 90 km wide plain, built up from weathered rock that the slow-flowing rivers brought. Its funnel-shaped mouths cut through the landscape. The tidal range can still be felt 40 km inland.
The coastal plain of Guinea is mainly covered by mangrove swamps.
The steep transition to Guinée-Moyenne on the Upper Guinea threshold is quite sudden. Part of this is the up to 1,537 m high mountain range of Futa Djalon in the western center of the country. Mount Nimba, which is located in the extreme southeast of the country on the border with the Ivory Coast, is the highest mountain of both states at 1,752 m. The nature reserve around Mount Nimba has been on UNESCO’s list of World Natural Heritage since 1982. the
The Sahel region is located in the northeast of the country (Haute Guinée). This area encompasses the sparsely populated 300 to 450 m high plain with the upper reaches of the Niger.
The Guinée Forestiére highlands, the southeastern rainforest area, have a much more pronounced relief.
Population of Guinea
This map of Guinea’s population distribution was created by the Worldmapper team. Densely populated areas appear bloated, the area of sparsely populated areas is reduced. The shape of the grid has been preserved; an underlying map with the original geographical extent helps interpret the map. The distorted map should help to present abstract statistical information clearly.
Passport: is generally required for trips to Guinea, the passport must be valid for at least 6 months after the stay.
Visa: Generally required.
Transit: Transit travelers who fly to the next connection within 24 hours, do not leave the transit room and can present valid documents for the onward journey do not need a visa.
Application: In person or by post at the consular section of the embassy (see Guinea – important addresses).
Documents: Tourist Visa: – 2 visa applications completed in full (no fax, no copy) – 2 passport photos (no scans) – passport that is valid for at least 6 months – travel booking confirmation – fees (in cash or by crossed check) – proof of yellow fever vaccination. Business Visa: additionally a company letter from the German company about the purpose and duration of the trip with a confirmation of the assumption of costs
Here you can download the visa application form for Guinea.
An addressed free envelope (by registered mail) should be attached to the application.
Visa fees: single entry: 60.00 euros, multiple entry: 87.00 euros
Processing time: 2 to 3 working days
Vaccinations: A vaccination card with proof of a yellow fever vaccination is required upon entry into Guinea. Further information on international vaccination certificates that are required for entry can be found in the Guinea – Health section.
Entry with children
Germany: Children need their own passport to enter Guinea (children’s passport or electronic passport).
Austria: own passport for children.
Switzerland: own passport for children.
The same visa requirements apply to the children as to their parents.