Togo is one of the smallest and least known countries in Africa. Around 1900 Togo belonged to the German Empire for a few years, after the First World War part of the Great Britain area was allocated, the other France. Westtogo, thebritishPart, was annexed to Ghana, which also belongs to Great Britain, in 1957, and French Togo became president in 1960 under President Sylvanus Olympioindependently.
In the capital Lomé, which is located directly on the Gulf of Guinea, there are still numerous colonial buildings. Lomé and the nearby beaches are the main attractions in the country. The traditional vodoo religion is still widespread in Togo.
The tropical country is a particularly rain-dependent country. The so important rain is also important for the entire agriculture and often decides whether the harvest is rich or rather poor. Almost two thirds of the population work in agriculture. Basic foods are mainly grown. These include corn, millet, peanuts, cassava, yams and sorghum.
The economy of Togo is based on almost 40% percent of the farming t and 21 percent to the industry. In addition, phosphate mining accounts for around 8.4 percent of economic management in Togo. Togo also exports tea, cocoa, coffee and cotton.
Wrestling is Togo’s national sport. In addition, as in all African countries, football is a popular mass sport. The national team is usually not that bad in international competitions. No real successes could be achieved, but in 2006 the country qualified for the World Cup in Germany at that time. Unfortunately, the Togo team did not get past the preliminary round. The athletic record looks better at the Olympic Games. Because the Togolese canoe slalom rider achieved third place at the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing and was able to take home the first Olympic medal for Togo.
Area: 56,785 km² (land: 54,385 km², water: 2,400 km²), about the size of the German federal states of Hesse and Baden-Württemberg combined.
Population: 6.8 million residents (July 2011, COUNTRYAAH.COM). 99% of the population consists of 37 African peoples. The Ewe and Mina dominate in the south of Togo and the Kabye in the northern part of the country. Europeans and Syrians / Lebanese make up less than 1%.
Population density: 119 people per km²
Population growth: 2.762% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Lomé (with suburbs around 1 million residents).
Here you can find a current list of the largest cities in Togo.
Form of government: Togo has been a presidential republic since 1967. The constitution dates from 1992, the last constitutional change was made in 1998. The unicameral parliament consists of 81 members who are directly elected every five years. Togo has been from France since April 27, 1960 independently.
Administrative division: 5 regions: Centrale, Kara, Maritime, Plateaux and Savanes.
Head of government: Prime Minister Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu, since July 23, 2012
Head of state: President Faure Gnassingbé, since May 4, 2005
Highest point: Mont Agou, 986 m
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 m
Language: The official language in Togo is French. The African languages Ewe and Mina are the colloquial languages in the south, Kabye and Dagomba in the north.
Religion: 51% of the Togolese population are adherents of natural religions, 29% are Christians and 20% are Muslims
Local time: CET – 1 h
In Togo there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is -1 h in winter and -2 h in summer.
Telephone area code: 00228 or +228
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz. Voltage protection devices for computers and other sensitive electrical devices are generally recommended.
Togo borders Burkina Faso in the north, Benin in the east and Ghana in the west. In the south, the Atlantic Ocean forms a natural boundary for 56 km. Togo extends 579 km to the north and is just 160 km wide at its widest point.
Here you can find a detailed topographic map of Togo.
The country basically consists of two savannah plains separated by the Chaine du Togo range.
The 1 to 2 km wide coastal plain between Lomé and Cotonou consists of long sandy beaches, sandy spits and lagoons and is mostly silted up in the west.
Immediately north of the coastal region, the country rises to a hilly plateau with heights of up to around 1,000 m. This region of Togo is the least populated.
In the north, the plateau descends to a large plain that is irrigated by the Oti River (one of the largest tributaries of the Volta River). The interior of the country is densely forested, while to the north (with the Atakora Mountains) and south Togo’s savannahs.
The Mono River flows into the Atlantic in the east.
Population in Togo
This map of the population distribution in Togo was created by the Worldmapper team. Densely populated areas appear bloated, the area of sparsely populated areas is reduced. The shape of the grid has been preserved; an underlying map with the original geographical extent helps interpret the map. The distorted map should help to present abstract statistical information clearly.